The causative agent of mumps belongs to the family of
A: ParamyxoviridaeB: OrthomyxoviridaeC: HepadnaviridaeD: RetroviridaeE: Herpes viruses
What clinical form is not typical for erysipelas?
A: ictericB: erythematous-hemorrhagicC: skin-bubonic D: necrotic E: bullous
The most frequent localization of erysipelas is:
A: low extremitiesB: upper extremitiesC: faceD: chestE: sexual organs
What is the base for diagnostics of erysipelas?
A: clinical manifestationB: bisolation of causative agent from bloodC: isolation of causative agent from skin and mucous membranesD: serologic testsE: skin allergic test
What is the drug of choice for treatment of erysipelas?
A: PenicillinB: NitrofuransC: SulfonamidesD: MetronidazoleE: Albendazole
What is duration of the food poisonings incubation period?
A: 1-12 hoursB: 2-3 daysC: 4-6 daysD: 10-14 daysE: 14-20 days
Water for lavage of stomach must be:
A: of ”room” temperatureB: hotC: coldD: wormE: of any temperature
Clinical manifestation of food poisoning is characterized with:
A: high temperature and intensive watery diarrheaB: nausea, repeating vomiting, subfebrile temperatureC: protracted signs of the diseaseD: admixture of mucus in stoolE: spastic pain in the lover part of abdomen
For bacteriological investigation of patients with food poisoning we have use such specimens as:
A: contents of vomiting, lavage water of stomach, stoolB: stool, bloodC: stool duodenal drainageD: contents of vomiting, stoolE: contents of vomiting, blood
The general factor of the pathogenesis of the botulism is:
A: toxemiaB: bacteremiaC: bacteremia and toxemiaD: inflammatiive processes in organsE: dehydration
What is the medication for specific detoxication in case of botulism?
A: trivalent botulinus antitoxinB: interferon C: vaccineD: reopolyglucineE: Ringer’ solution
Pathogens of typhoid and paratyphoids A and B are:
A: Gram-negative rodsB: Gram-positive rodsC: Gram-negative cocci D: Gram-positive cocciE: All mentioned
Specific complication of typhoid is:
A: intestinal bleedingB: arthritisC: otitisD: intestinal obstructionE: hypovolemic shock
The specimen for early bacteriological investigation of typhoid is:
A: bloodB: urineC: fecesD: sputumE: nasopharyngeal secret
What is the duration of the incubation period of cholera (in days)?
A: 1B: 5C: 10D: 15E: 20
What is most typical location of V. cholerae in human organism?
A: in lumen of intestineB: penetrate into enterocytesC: penetrate into mesenteric lymph nodesD: penetrate into bloodstreamE: penetrate through the BBB
What is the screening — method of diagnostics of HIV-infection?
A: immune-enzyme analysis (IEА)B: radioimmune analysis(RIA)C: immunoblot analysisD: molecular hybridization (DNA-PROBES)E: polymerase chain reaction
What is the coefficient Т4/Т8 (the ratio of subpopulations of Т-lymphocytes) typical for AIDS?
A: 0,5B: 1,5C: 2,0D: 3,0E: 4,0
What pathogenic mechanisms of acute renal failure are typical for cholera?
A: Dehydration, hemoconcentration, blocking of microcirculation, reduction of renal filtrationB: Toxemia, loss of water and electrolytes, disturbance of peripheral microcirculationC: Dehydration, metabolic acidosis, decreasing of potassium level in bloodD: Increase of vessels permeability, hemoconcentration, blocking of microcirculationE: all mentioned
Which saline solution we have to begin use first for treatment of cholera?
A: Ringer’ solutionB: TrisoleC: DisoleD: AcesoleE: Isotonic solution
What is the biochemical parameter, which constantly changes in the preicteric period of acute viral hepatitis?
A: activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALaT) B: level of a bilirubin C: thymol testD: sublimate titerE: all mentioned
In what group of patients lethal outcome of viral hepatitis E are observed more often?
A: pregnant womenB: homosexualsC: drag–abusedD: recipients of bloodE: immunosupressed patients
What specimens from patients with shigellosis you have to obtain for bacteriological investigation?
A: bloodB: fecesC: lavage water from stomachD: rectal swabsE: swabs from throat
What is etiological agent of influenza?
A: virusB: chlamydiaC: bacteriaD: mycoplasmasE: protozoa
What are the main clinical signs of the mononucleosis?
A: prolonged fever, generalized lymphoadenopathy, liver and spleen enlargementB: prolonged fever, diarrhea, abdominal painC: prolonged fever, meningeal syndrome, liver and spleen enlargementD: prolonged fever, generalized lymphoadenopathy, diarrheaE: generalized lymphoadenopathy, petechial rush, kidney affection
What are the typical for the mononucleosis changing in the blood cell count?
A: leucocytosis, lymphocytosis, atypical mononuclearsB: neutrophylic leucocytosis, eosinophylia, anemiaC: neutrophylic leucocytosis, atypical mononuclears, eosinophyliaD: neutrophylic leucocytosis, drum stick shift to left, eosinophyliaE: all mentioned.
Who are especially susceptible for mumps
A: children aged from 5 to 15B: adultsC: new-born childrenD: animalsE: old people
Show the causative agent of erysipelas
A: Streptococci of group AB: CorinebacteriaC: FrysipelothrixD: StaphylococciE: Neisseria
Where does erysipelas localize?
A: in skin and mucous membranesB: in skinC: in brainD: in sexual organsE: in joints and muscles
What complication is characteristic for food poisonings?
A: hypovolemic shockB: meningitisC: edema of the brainD: pneumoniaE: all mentioned
The toxin, formed by the pathogen of botulism, belongs to:
A: exotoxinB: endotoxinC: exo-and endotoxinD: no one from mentionedE: antibodies
Pathogens of typhoid belong to the genus:
A: SalmonellaB: ShigellaC: EscherichiaD: KlebsiellaE: Enterobacteria
Toxins, produced by pathogens of typhoid belong to:
A: exotoxinB: endotoxinC: exo-and endotoxinD: no one from mentionedE: antibodies
Immunity after typhoid fever is:
A: antibacterialB: antibacterial, short termC: antitoxic, short termD: antitoxic long-termE: all mentioned
Specific complication of typhoid is
A: perforation of a thin intestin eB: intestinal obstructionC: pulmonary bleedingD: encephalitisE: polyradiculoneuritis
Doctor has suspected the intestinal bleeding a patient H. on the 20th day from beginning of typhoid. What is further medical tactics?
A: hemotransfusion and infusion of the blood substitutesB: urgent operative measuresC: increasing in a daily dose of antibioticsD: prescription of glucocorticoids (prednisolone, etc.)E: no one mentioned
The general cause of death of patients with the cholera is:
A: hypovolemic shockB: infectious — toxic shockC: acute renal failureD: edema and swelling of a brainE: all mentioned
Which envelop glycoproteins submit antigenic structure of the HIV 1 type virus?
A: gp160, gp120, gp41B: gp41, gp20, gp160C: gp41, gp110, gp120D: gp120, gp180, gp41E: all mentioned
Where does replication of the HIV occur?
A: macrophages and T-helpersB: plasmocytes and macrophagesC: T-helpers and В-lymphocytesD: В-lymphocytes and plasmocytesE: No one from mentioned
What is the AIDS-indicatory disease?
A: pneumocystic pneumoniaB: pulmonary tuberculosisC: candidiasis of a mouthD: herpes labialisE: intestinal amebiasis
What is a role of antibiotics in treatment of cholera?
A: detoxicationB: reducing of stool outputC: shortening of the period of excretion of V. cholereD: decrease of inflammatiive processes in intestineE: prevention of bacteremia
What is the main specimen for laboratory diagnostic of cholera?
A: urineB: blood C: stool D: rectal swabsE: bile
Which one of the following secrets contains maximal quantity of the hepatitis A virus?
A: fecesB: spermC: urineD: salivaE: all mentioned
What is the most frequent clinical form of viral hepatitis A?
A: unictericB: subclinicalC: cholestaticD: ictericE: fulminant
What is the basic method of therapy of viral hepatitis A?
A: pathogeneticB: symptomaticC: immunocorrectionD: antiviralE: all mentioned
The typical site of multiplication of the shigellosis pathogen in human organism is:
A: mucosa of large bowelB: lymphatic formations of a thin intestineC: parenchymatous organsD: bloodE: mesenteric lymph nodes
What is the type of immunity acquired after shigellosis?
A: antibacterial, short-timeB: antibacterial, long-timeC: antitoxic, long-timeD: antitoxic, short-timeE: no one mentioned
The main method of treatment of moderate form of shigellosis is:
A: pathogeneticB: antibacterialC: symptomaticD: dietE: no one from mentioned
What is the main factor of the pathogenesis of shigellosis?
A: toxicosisB: bacteremiaC: specific allergyD: alterationE: proliferation