тесты инфекции 2



Infectology (168)

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Питання

Відповіді

Тип питання

2543

The causative agent of mumps belongs to the family of

A: ParamyxoviridaeB: OrthomyxoviridaeC: HepadnaviridaeD: RetroviridaeE: Herpes viruses

Кафедральні

2544

What clinical form is not typical for erysipelas?

A: ictericB: erythematous-hemorrhagicC: skin-bubonic D: necrotic E: bullous 

Кафедральні

2545

The most frequent localization of erysipelas is:

A: low extremitiesB: upper extremitiesC: faceD: chestE: sexual organs

Кафедральні

2546

What is the base for diagnostics of erysipelas?

A: clinical manifestationB: bisolation of causative agent from bloodC: isolation of causative agent from skin and mucous membranesD: serologic testsE: skin allergic test

Кафедральні

2547

What is the drug of choice for treatment of erysipelas?

A: PenicillinB: NitrofuransC: SulfonamidesD: MetronidazoleE: Albendazole

Кафедральні

2548

What is duration of the food poisonings incubation period?

A: 1-12 hoursB: 2-3 daysC: 4-6 daysD: 10-14 daysE: 14-20 days

Кафедральні

2549

Water for lavage of stomach must be:

A: of ”room” temperatureB: hotC: coldD: wormE: of any temperature

Кафедральні

2550

Clinical manifestation of food poisoning is characterized with:

A: high temperature and intensive watery diarrheaB: nausea, repeating vomiting, subfebrile temperatureC: protracted signs of the diseaseD: admixture of mucus in stoolE: spastic pain in the lover part of abdomen

Кафедральні

2551

For bacteriological investigation of patients with food poisoning we have use such specimens as:

A: contents of vomiting, lavage water of stomach, stoolB: stool, bloodC: stool duodenal drainageD: contents of vomiting, stoolE: contents of vomiting, blood

Кафедральні

2552

The general factor of the pathogenesis of the botulism is:

A: toxemiaB: bacteremiaC: bacteremia and toxemiaD: inflammatiive processes in organsE: dehydration

Кафедральні

2553

What is the medication for specific detoxication in case of botulism?

A: trivalent botulinus antitoxinB: interferon C: vaccineD: reopolyglucineE: Ringer’ solution

Кафедральні

2554

Pathogens of typhoid and paratyphoids A and B are:

A: Gram-negative rodsB: Gram-positive rodsC: Gram-negative cocci D: Gram-positive cocciE: All mentioned

Кафедральні

2555

Specific complication of typhoid is:

A: intestinal bleedingB: arthritisC: otitisD: intestinal obstructionE: hypovolemic shock

Кафедральні

2556

The specimen for early bacteriological investigation of typhoid is:

A: bloodB: urineC: fecesD: sputumE: nasopharyngeal secret

Кафедральні

2557

What is the duration of the incubation period of cholera (in days)?

A: 1B: 5C: 10D: 15E: 20

Кафедральні

2558

What is most typical location of V. cholerae in human organism?

A: in lumen of intestineB: penetrate into enterocytesC: penetrate into mesenteric lymph nodesD: penetrate into bloodstreamE: penetrate through the BBB

Кафедральні

2559

What is the screening — method of diagnostics of HIV-infection?

A: immune-enzyme analysis (IEА)B: radioimmune analysis(RIA)C: immunoblot analysisD: molecular hybridization (DNA-PROBES)E: polymerase chain reaction

Кафедральні

2560

What is the coefficient Т4/Т8 (the ratio of subpopulations of Т-lymphocytes) typical for AIDS?

A: 0,5B: 1,5C: 2,0D: 3,0E: 4,0

Кафедральні

2561

What pathogenic mechanisms of acute renal failure are typical for cholera?

A: Dehydration, hemoconcentration, blocking of microcirculation, reduction of renal filtrationB: Toxemia, loss of water and electrolytes, disturbance of peripheral microcirculationC: Dehydration, metabolic acidosis, decreasing of potassium level in bloodD: Increase of vessels permeability, hemoconcentration, blocking of microcirculationE: all mentioned

Кафедральні

2562

Which saline solution we have to begin use first for treatment of cholera?

A: Ringer’ solutionB: TrisoleC: DisoleD: AcesoleE: Isotonic solution

Кафедральні

2563

What is the biochemical parameter, which constantly changes in the preicteric period of acute viral hepatitis?

A: activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALaT) B: level of a bilirubin C: thymol testD: sublimate titerE: all mentioned

Кафедральні

2564

In what group of patients lethal outcome of viral hepatitis E are observed more often?

A: pregnant womenB: homosexualsC: drag–abusedD: recipients of bloodE: immunosupressed patients

Кафедральні

2565

What specimens from patients with shigellosis you have to obtain for bacteriological investigation?

A: bloodB: fecesC: lavage water from stomachD: rectal swabsE: swabs from throat

Кафедральні

2566

What is etiological agent of influenza?

A: virusB: chlamydiaC: bacteriaD: mycoplasmasE: protozoa

Кафедральні

2567

What are the main clinical signs of the mononucleosis?

A: prolonged fever, generalized lymphoadenopathy, liver and spleen enlargementB: prolonged fever, diarrhea, abdominal painC: prolonged fever, meningeal syndrome, liver and spleen enlargementD: prolonged fever, generalized lymphoadenopathy, diarrheaE: generalized lymphoadenopathy, petechial rush, kidney affection

Кафедральні

2568

What are the typical for the mononucleosis changing in the blood cell count?

A: leucocytosis, lymphocytosis, atypical mononuclearsB: neutrophylic leucocytosis, eosinophylia, anemiaC: neutrophylic leucocytosis, atypical mononuclears, eosinophyliaD: neutrophylic leucocytosis, drum stick shift to left, eosinophyliaE: all mentioned.

Кафедральні

2569

Who are especially susceptible for mumps

A: children aged from 5 to 15B: adultsC: new-born childrenD: animalsE: old people

Кафедральні

2570

Show the causative agent of erysipelas

A: Streptococci of group AB: CorinebacteriaC: FrysipelothrixD: StaphylococciE: Neisseria

Кафедральні

2571

Where does erysipelas localize?

A: in skin and mucous membranesB: in skinC: in brainD: in sexual organsE: in joints and muscles

Кафедральні

2572

What complication is characteristic for food poisonings?

A: hypovolemic shockB: meningitisC: edema of the brainD: pneumoniaE: all mentioned

Кафедральні

2573

The toxin, formed by the pathogen of botulism, belongs to:

A: exotoxinB: endotoxinC: exo-and endotoxinD: no one from mentionedE: antibodies

Кафедральні

2574

Pathogens of typhoid belong to the genus:

A: SalmonellaB: ShigellaC: EscherichiaD: KlebsiellaE: Enterobacteria

Кафедральні

2575

Toxins, produced by pathogens of typhoid belong to:

A: exotoxinB: endotoxinC: exo-and endotoxinD: no one from mentionedE: antibodies

Кафедральні

2576

Immunity after typhoid fever is:

A: antibacterialB: antibacterial, short termC: antitoxic, short termD: antitoxic long-termE: all mentioned

Кафедральні

2577

Specific complication of typhoid is

A: perforation of a thin intestin eB: intestinal obstructionC: pulmonary bleedingD: encephalitisE: polyradiculoneuritis

Кафедральні

2578

Doctor has suspected the intestinal bleeding a patient H. on the 20th day from beginning of typhoid. What is further medical tactics?

A: hemotransfusion and infusion of the blood substitutesB: urgent operative measuresC: increasing in a daily dose of antibioticsD: prescription of glucocorticoids (prednisolone, etc.)E: no one mentioned

Кафедральні

2579

The general cause of death of patients with the cholera is:

A: hypovolemic shockB: infectious — toxic shockC: acute renal failureD: edema and swelling of a brainE: all mentioned

Кафедральні

2580

Which envelop glycoproteins submit antigenic structure of the HIV 1 type virus?

A: gp160, gp120, gp41B: gp41, gp20, gp160C: gp41, gp110, gp120D: gp120, gp180, gp41E: all mentioned

Кафедральні

2581

Where does replication of the HIV occur?

A: macrophages and T-helpersB: plasmocytes and macrophagesC: T-helpers and В-lymphocytesD: В-lymphocytes and plasmocytesE: No one from mentioned

Кафедральні

2582

What is the AIDS-indicatory disease?

A: pneumocystic pneumoniaB: pulmonary tuberculosisC: candidiasis of a mouthD: herpes labialisE: intestinal amebiasis

Кафедральні

2583

What is a role of antibiotics in treatment of cholera?

A: detoxicationB: reducing of stool outputC: shortening of the period of excretion of V. cholereD: decrease of inflammatiive processes in intestineE: prevention of bacteremia

Кафедральні

2584

What is the main specimen for laboratory diagnostic of cholera?

A: urineB: blood C: stool D: rectal swabsE: bile

Кафедральні

2585

Which one of the following secrets contains maximal quantity of the hepatitis A virus?

A: fecesB: spermC: urineD: salivaE: all mentioned

Кафедральні

2586

What is the most frequent clinical form of viral hepatitis A?

A: unictericB: subclinicalC: cholestaticD: ictericE: fulminant

Кафедральні

2587

What is the basic method of therapy of viral hepatitis A?

A: pathogeneticB: symptomaticC: immunocorrectionD: antiviralE: all mentioned

Кафедральні

2588

The typical site of multiplication of the shigellosis pathogen in human organism is:

A: mucosa of large bowelB: lymphatic formations of a thin intestineC: parenchymatous organsD: bloodE: mesenteric lymph nodes

Кафедральні

2589

What is the type of immunity acquired after shigellosis?

A: antibacterial, short-timeB: antibacterial, long-timeC: antitoxic, long-timeD: antitoxic, short-timeE: no one mentioned

Кафедральні

2590

The main method of treatment of moderate form of shigellosis is:

A: pathogeneticB: antibacterialC: symptomaticD: dietE: no one from mentioned

Кафедральні

2591

What is the main factor of the pathogenesis of shigellosis?

A: toxicosisB: bacteremiaC: specific allergyD: alterationE: proliferation



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