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What is phonetics?

А) Phonetics is often defined as a branch of linguistics dealing with the phonetic structure of a language.

B) Phonetics is often defined as a branch of linguistics dealing with the lexical structure of a language.

C) Phonetics is often defined as a branch of linguistics dealing with the morphological structure of a language.

D) Phonetics is often defined as a branch of linguistics dealing with the syntactic structure of a language.

E) Phonetics is often defined as a branch of linguistics dealing with the stylistic structure of a language.

2. What does phonetics study?

А) word formation and its classification

B) the sounds, their classification and distribution;

C) structure of words and morphemes

D) word order in the sentence

E) various stylistic devices

3. Phonetics is connected with grammar. Choose a suitable example:

А) import – to import

B) record – to record

C) subject – to subject

D) Wife – wives

E)

4. Phonetics is connected with lexicology through…

А) pronounce correctly singular and plural forms of nouns, the past indefinite and the past participle forms of verbs and other endings

B) intonation which serves to express different attitudes on the part of the speaker or reader.

C) the accentual structure of English words in which verbs are formed from nouns by conversion.

D) speech sounds like any other sounds in nature are acoustic phenomena and may be studied from the point of view of their physical properties.

E) The articulation of sounds and their perception

5. Phonetics is connected with stylistics through…

А) pronounce correctly singular and plural forms of nouns, the past indefinite and the past participle forms of verbs and other endings

B) intonation which serves to express different attitudes on the part of the speaker or reader.



C) the accentual structure of English words in which verbs are formed from nouns by conversion.

D) speech sounds like any other sounds in nature are acoustic phenomena and may be studied from the point of view of their physical properties.

E) The articulation of sounds and their perception

6. Phonetics is connected with physics through…

А) pronounce correctly singular and plural forms of nouns, the past indefinite and the past participle forms of verbs and other endings

B) intonation which serves to express different attitudes on the part of the speaker or reader.

C) the accentual structure of English words in which verbs are formed from nouns by conversion.

D) speech sounds like any other sounds in nature are acoustic phenomena and may be studied from the point of view of their physical properties.

E) The articulation of sounds and their perception

7. Phonetics is connected with grammar through…

А) pronounce correctly singular and plural forms of nouns, the past indefinite and the past participle forms of verbs and other endings

B) intonation which serves to express different attitudes on the part of the speaker or reader.

C) the accentual structure of English words in which verbs are formed from nouns by conversion.

D) speech sounds like any other sounds in nature are acoustic phenomena and may be studied from the point of view of their physical properties.

E) The articulation of sounds and their perception

8. Phonetics is connected with anatomy and physiology through…

А) pronounce correctly singular and plural forms of nouns, the past indefinite and the past participle forms of verbs and other endings

B) intonation which serves to express different attitudes on the part of the speaker or reader.

C) the accentual structure of English words in which verbs are formed from nouns by conversion.

D) speech sounds like any other sounds in nature are acoustic phenomena and may be studied from the point of view of their physical properties.

E) The articulation of sounds and their perception

9. Physiological phonetics sometimes also called:

А) articulatory phonetics

B) oratorical phonetics

C) amphibrachic phonetics

D) iambic phonetics

E) dactylic phonetics

10. The branch of phonetics, which is concerned with the study of the acoustic aspect of speech sounds, is called …

А) articulatory phonetics

B) oratorical phonetics

C) acoustic phonetics

D) auditory phonetics

E) constitutive phonetics

11. What function of speech sounds is proved by the fact that speech sounds constitute all the morphemes, syllables, words, phrases, sentences and as well as complete utterances?

А) comparative function

B) distinctive function

C) recognitive function.

D) historical function.

E) constitutive function

12. What function of speech lies in the fact that one word (or morpheme) is differentiated from another word (or morpheme) by a difference in their number of speech sounds

А) comparative function

B) distinctive function

C) recognitive function.

D) historical function.

E) constitutive function

13. What function of speech consists in the use of the right allophones in words. It means that in the words “twice” /t/ should be rounded and not plosionless or unaspirated?

А) comparative function

B) distinctive function

C) recognitive function.

D) historical function.

E) constitutive function

14. General phonetics studies:

А) the contemporary phonetic system of a particular language.

B) to trace changes taking place in the phonetic system of a given language at different periods of its historical development.

C) the correlation between the phonetic systems of two or more languages.

D) sound producing possibilities of the speech apparatus and the ways they are used for human intercommunication

E) foreign languages and mother tongues to children and adults.

15. Special phonetics studies:

А) the contemporary phonetic system of a particular language.

B) to trace changes taking place in the phonetic system of a given language at different periods of its historical development.

C) the correlation between the phonetic systems of two or more languages.

D) sound producing possibilities of the speech apparatus and the ways they are used for human intercommunication

E) foreign languages and mother tongues to children and adults.

16. Historical phonetics studies:

А) the contemporary phonetic system of a particular language.

B) to trace changes taking place in the phonetic system of a given language at different periods of its historical development.

C) the correlation between the phonetic systems of two or more languages.

D) sound producing possibilities of the speech apparatus and the ways they are used for human intercommunication

E) foreign languages and mother tongues to children and adults.

17. Сomparative phonetics studies:

А) the contemporary phonetic system of a particular language.

B) to trace changes taking place in the phonetic system of a given language at different periods of its historical development.

C) the correlation between the phonetic systems of two or more languages.

D) sound producing possibilities of the speech apparatus and the ways they are used for human intercommunication

E) foreign languages and mother tongues to children and adults.

18. Practical phonetics studies:

А) the contemporary phonetic system of a particular language.

B) to trace changes taking place in the phonetic system of a given language at different periods of its historical development.

C) the correlation between the phonetic systems of two or more languages.

D) sound producing possibilities of the speech apparatus and the ways they are used for human intercommunication

E) foreign languages and mother tongues to children and adults.

19. What does the English phonetic structure consist of?

А) it consists of the 4 components

B) it consists of the 2 components

C) it consists of the 3 components

D) it consists of the 6 components

E) it consists of the 5 components

20. First of all English phonemes are divided into two fundamental sound types…

А) sonoristic and labial

B) voiced and unvoiced

C) consonants and vowels

D) vowels and sonoristic

E) labial and unpronounceable

21. What is distribution of allophones?

А) Special allophones of phonemes may occur only in special positions

B) Definite allophones of phonemes may occur only in definite positions

C) The initial allophones of phonemes may occur only in initial positions

D) Only certain allophones of phonemes may occur only in special positions

E) Definite allophones of phonemes cannot occur in definite positions

22. Determine the type of allophone /twais/

А) the dental allophone of the /t/ phoneme

B) the post-alveolar allophone of the /t/ phoneme

C) the nasally released allophone of the /t/ phoneme

D) the rounded allophone of the /t/ phoneme

E) the strongly aspirated allophone of the /t/ phoneme

23. Determine the type of allophone /eitθ/

А) the dental allophone of the /t/ phoneme

B) the post-alveolar allophone of the /t/ phoneme

C) the nasally released allophone of the /t/ phoneme

D) the rounded allophone of the /t/ phoneme

E) the strongly aspirated allophone of the /t/ phoneme

24. Determine the type of allophone /trai/

А) the dental allophone of the /t/ phoneme

B) the post-alveolar allophone of the /t/ phoneme

C) the nasally released allophone of the /t/ phoneme

D) the rounded allophone of the /t/ phoneme

E) the strongly aspirated allophone of the /t/ phoneme

25. Determine the type of allophone /’ritn/

А) the dental allophone of the /t/ phoneme

B) the post-alveolar allophone of the /t/ phoneme

C) the nasally released allophone of the /t/ phoneme

D) the rounded allophone of the /t/ phoneme

E) the strongly aspirated allophone of the /t/ phoneme

26. Determine the type of allophone /ti:/

А) the dental allophone of the /t/ phoneme

B) the post-alveolar allophone of the /t/ phoneme

C) the nasally released allophone of the /t/ phoneme

D) the rounded allophone of the /t/ phoneme

E) the strongly aspirated allophone of the /t/ phoneme

27. How many types of sound transitions in English?

А) 5 types

B) 2 types

C) 4 types

D) 3 types

E) 6 types

28. What type of transition in English is characterized by aspirated articulation of the voiceless plosive consonants /p, t, k/ before a stressed vowel?

А) CV

B) CC

C) VC

D) AC

E) VV

29 What type of transition is reflected in syllable division of English words. The short stressed vowels are always checked. They can only occur in closed type of syllable, as in the following: /’men-i/, /’st۸d-i/, /bul-it/, /n۸θ-/, / lit-l/, / dæd-i/, / hot-ist/

А) CV

B) CC

C) VC

D) AC

E) VV

30. In what type of transition we may have two different ways of joining vowels, with and without the glottal stop between them. /wi ‘a:/ — /wi ‘’a:/, /mai۸ŋkl/ — /mai ‘’۸ŋkl

А) CV

B) CC

C) VC

D) AC

E) VV








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