My town (к экзамену)

My town

The land around ancient Belgorod is rich in fertile soils, has vast steppes, dense wood and deep rivers. That’s why it has attracted invaders since early times. The land endured a lot of wars and defeats, but in spite of this it remains the richest in Russia.

While traveling over the Belgorod land one can see lots of small, but attractive, towns. The capital of our region, Belgorod, is the largest city. It was an old fortress built on a chalk hill, hence the town’s name.

Now Belgorod is a modern city which is considered to be a scientific and cultural center of the Belgorod region. Such towns as Stary Oskol, Korocha, Graivoron. Shebekino, Novy Oskol and others are notable for their simplicity and natural originality.

But in my opinion the most beautiful and attractive town in the region is Gubkin. I consider it my native town though I wasn’t born here. I have been living in Gubkin since I was two years. My childhood and school years were spent here and now I think when I grow up I will see my native Gubkin in my dreams.

Gubkin dwellers consider that their town is a «small Switzerland». It’s quiet, clean green streets and lawns, neat shady alleys, bright unusual flower beds and wonderful fountains create an atmosphere of comfort, wealth and prosperity.

Our town is a place where visitors can see a lot of interesting things. Each part of the town is is different. Take, for example, the old part, where Lenin Square is situated. It’s a quiet place without transport and crowds of people. I like to walk along the Square of Victory and sit on a bench under the blooming chestnuts admiring flowers and breathing fresh air. Here visitors can combine a pleasant rest with useful things and get acquainted with the history of our town and its townsmen. Also they can put flowers on the tomb of the unknown soldier.

The old park reminds me of my childhood, when my mother and I walked along its alleys and small pond. I remember the old merry-go-rounds and now I regret that they have disappeared from the park Now the park is being reconstructed. It has regained its appearance and beauty.

… Their works of art have been creating a new look for Gubkin. People can see such beautiful flower-beds only in our place.

If you want to get a full picture of the town you’d go along to the modern part Raevsky. Lazarev and Dzerzhmsky Streets were founded a bit later. Here visitors can see the Square of Friendship, built by Bulgarian builders in the 1970s. But the most attractive place in our town nowadays is a beautiful fountain situated in the Square. In summer the air around the fountain is fresh and ravishing because of the streams of clean water, green fir-trees and flowers planted along the place. It’s a family spot where people go to relax and talk with each other. Visitors come here to take pictures for their family albums.

But I think you won’t get a full picture of my town if you don’t visit the Zhuravliky District. It is considered to be a modern part of Gubkin New modern shops, a market, rich cottages and buildings, have turned Gubkin into a big town with a population of about 100,000 people.

Everyone has their own way to God’s temple. And the people of our town got an opportunity to choose this way when the Spaso- Preobrazhensky Cathedral was built in Gubkin. It’s the second largest temple in Russia after the Cathedral of Jesus Christ the Saviour in Moscow. Many foreign firms took part in its construction. Now a lot of people go to the temple to worship God during religious holidays.

Our native town is rich in different traditions and one of them is celebrating the town’s birthday in September. This holiday has become official for the people of the town. This year Gubkin marked its sixty-fourth anniversary. So we can say that our town is quite young and all its important events will be in the future, but even now it is famous all over Russia for its beauty and originality.

My hometown

Tambov is my hometown. I live in it and love it greatly. Why do I love my native town? This question is simple and difficult at the same time. I try to answer it and express my point of view.

It is often said that Tambov has nothing in common with a modem town, that it seems to be rather provincial because it has no «skyline» of high-rises, and its architecture is modest. But as for me I always bear in mind William Shakespeare’s words, «There’s nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so». That’s why I am absolutely sure that I live in a very good town, though I know that there are a lot of beautiful places on our planet.

First of all, Tambov is the town where I was born. The dearest people to me, my parents, live here. Tambov is the town of my ancestors. They lived and died in Tambov and I hold their graves sacred.

1 live in Astrakhanskaya Street. It is short and noisy all year round, dusty in summer and muddy in autumn. But for 10 years. My school is the place where everyone gets along with each other. So I enjoy its atmosphere. What warms my heart is that some years ago I planted two small trees in the street to make it greener. And 1 must say my trees are growing in my street now.Frankly speaking, I watch and greet my birches every time I go past them.

No wonder that one of the first things I am writing about is the past of the town. If you are rich in time, you may be interested in some historical facts. It seems that every place in the town has its history. The streets of Tambov saw Lermontov, Derzhavin, Verstovskiy, Sergeev-Tsenskiy, Shatrov, Rakhmaninov, and Agapkin.

On the corner of Gorkiy Street there is an old wooden two-storied building which Lermontov described in his poem. A great Russian diplomat Chicherin lived in one of the houses in Sovetskaya Street. It’s a mansion museum now. Across the road you can see the house of Naryshkin, one of the richest noblemen of the I 9th century.

Aseev’s house, a sanatorium today, situated in a picturesque place on the bank of the river and the residence of the Mayor, which belonged to the leader of nobility Kondoidy, are unique buildings and worth seeing, too.

Every time I cross the bridge over the Studenets I can’t help thinking about those ancient times when the fortress was laid there among the forests and swamps. I think about those brave people who came here to guard the place from the Crimean Tatars, about Roman Boborykin, who is considered to be the founder of Tambov.

My native town

My native town Nadym is situated in the Far North of Russia near the Arctic Circle (about 90 km. from it). Originally this name is from Nenets «reindeer moss river». In 2002 we celebrated its thirty-year anniversary. Only 30! And how many events and people have been associated with this region! The first gas deposit «Medvezhye» (150 km from Nadym) was opened in 1967.

Our region is famous not only for gas deposits but the largest reindeer herd in Russia. Deer-breeding, fishing and hunting (fur-trading) are the main occupations for Khants and Nenets — the natives of these places. Deer-breeder’s Day is the most popular and loveliest holiday for all of us. The deer races are very exciting competitions.

There is much FRESH air without factory smoke in the vast grounds around our town. If the temperature of the air in winter is about zero then in autumn we can smell moss and berries smells.

We can’t find such bright autumn colours of the nature in any other part of Russia. Larches, Siberian pines, birches and fir-trees are so beautiful!

As Nadym is the administrative centre of this region it has a Municipal Council and Registry Office. There are many schools, kindergartens, two sport complexes, music schools, Creative Centre for Children and Young People’s Leisure Centre. We can watch

films and performances in either of two modern Palaces of Culture. If you have a birthday and want to have a very good party you may go to any restaurant or cafe. If you want to spend much money -go to one of many gaming halls and leave it without anything! (a joke). For artists there is an Exhibition Hall here.

In 1997 a very beautiful Nickolsky Temple was built for all inhabitants and their souls. Patriarch Aleksiy II came to Nadym to sanctify it. A lot of people go there with their children every week.

If we have some free time we go to our big and beautiful park. There is a children’s playground and a fairytale corner there. You may sit on a bench and watch the squirrels. They fly among the trees and look for some cones. If you sit very calm they may run to you.

I can’t say we have no problems here at all. Money is the main prob lem as everywhere. If you work in the gas industry your salary is very high, but in the state (or budget) sector it is very low. I think our flat rent and shop prices are the highest in Russia. We have to survive nowadays as people did in the past but in another way.

I think we like our native town because of its closeness to nature and its cleanliness.

My native town

The administrative forming of the modern Chelyabinsk regions territory was begun in XVIII century. Chelyabinsk had got the status of the town in 1781 and was joined to Ekaterinburg’s region. And only the 17th January, 1934 became the birthday of Chelyabinsk region. Today my region occupies the area of 87.900 km2. We can compare it with the area of a European state.

Chelyabinsk region is situated in the southern part of the Ural Mountains and the adjacent plain. It is often formally called the border of Europe and Asia. There are 3170 lakes on the territory of my region. There are 98 lakes of more than 5 km2. Our lakes are rich in mineral mud, alkaline water. Zauralje takes first place in Russia according to the variety of medical mud. My region is rich in various raw resources: iron, copper, gold, nickel, magnesite. There are Russia’s biggest factories here: Magnitogorskiy and Chelyabinskiy metallurgical complexes, «Ufaley-nickel» and «Magnezit» complexes, Kichiginskiy mining complex, Koelginskiy marble quarry. There is Ilmenskiy national reserve in the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains. More than 260 minerals and 70 rocks were found there.

Fifty-six percent of the region’s area is for agricultural objects. The land around Chelyabinsk is rich in fertile soils. The productivity of grain has almost doubled in the recent years.

Twenty-eight percent of the regions territory, is covered with pine forests. My regionhelps Russia to be a world leader in manufactur There are 30 towns, 30 settlements, and 1257 vil-1 lages in Chelyabinsk region. The population of my I region is 3656,8 thousand people. My region is multinational: Russian people — 81%, the Tatars — 6%, Bashkirs — 4%, the Ukrainians — 3%, the German -I 1%, the Belorussians — 1%, the Kazakhs — 1%.

My’region made an important contribution to the Victory of the Great Patriotic War. The Urals gave 40% of all war industry’s production, especially in the tank industry. Two hundred and fifteen people from Chelyabinsk region were awarded the Gold Medal of trie Hero of the Soviet Union; 47 men became the full holders of Glory Order. Since 1999 13 men were awarded the highest rank of Russian Federation’s Hero.

Chelyabinsk is often called provincal. This is only because of the geographical position. We are sure that Chelyabinsk region is an important social-cultural center of Russian Federation. Chelyabinsk region proves this by its history, rich cultural traditions, and great scientific potential. There are 41 scientific organizations here. Chelyabinsk region was the first Russia’s region memorials of the Urals where the wireless telephone was introduced.

There are more than 1800 monuments in my region. Ancient Arkaim Fortress is one of most interesting memorials of the Ural. Arkaim appeared 1000 years ago.

The biggest of 918 region’s libraries is the regional universal scientific one; it is 105 years old. This library has more than 2 mln documents.

More than 100 publishing houses publish over 200 newspapers. We are proud of our theatres, sport clubs, museums. The biggest of 40 museums is Chelyabinsk Museum of local lore, history and economy. It has 260,000 exhibits. Particular role belongs to the Museum of Decorative-Applied Art. Its collections reflect traditional Ural crafts; Kaslmskoje and Kusinskoje art castings, ZiatoustovsKaja steel engravings, jewelry and stone-cut art.

I live in a little village Red Field, situated not far from Chelyabinsk. Life in the countryside is quiet, peaceful, and healthy. There is less crime, and of course, there is less traffic here. I like to be close to nature. But my village is one of those, which helps to better my region. Our people are optimists and hope for a better life.

Chelyabinsk region is 70 years old. We can say that my region is young and all its important events are yet to come. But even today it is famous all over Russia for its achievements.