5 текст

The Danish Cadastral System (5)

1)The Danish system is based on fixed boundaries to identify the real properties in the cadastral system as a basis for; entering the titles at the Land Registry at the local district courts.

2)The cadastral register and the cadastral maps are maintained by the National

Survey and Cadastre while the legal survey measurements and the boundary determinations are carried out by private licensed surveyors.

3)The very heart of the Danish system is the interaction between the private licensed surveyors and the National Survey and Cadastre for maintaining the Digital Cadastral Data Base.

4)The Danish cadastre, which derived from the results of the enclosure movement, was established in the year 1844.

5)The present cadastral system is still based on these historic village areas which constitute the framework for the register and the cadastral maps.

6)Even if the primary purpose of the cadastre was to levy land taxes, the cadastral identification was also used to support the land ownership and land transfer system

7)In 1845, a Land Registry was established by the local district courts for recording and protecting legal rights of ownership, mortgage, easements and leases for land.

8) The Cadastral System was then established as follows:

9)The cadastral register identifies real properties — which might include more than one land parcel — by cadastral number(s) and area,

10)The cadastral map shows all land parcels graphically,

11)The legal survey measurements are used to precisely identify all new parcel boundaries determined by cadastral surveys such as subdivision etc., and

12)The Land Book3 identifies the legal rights based on the cadastral identification.

13). Over time the Danish cadastre has changed from being a basis for land valuation to a legal cadastre supporting the land market.