Муниципальное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение
Администрации муниципального образования Киреевский район
по английскому языку
«People of our region are great sportsmen»
ученицы 8 класса «В»
Руководитель Полуэктова Т.В.
учитель английского языка
Part 1. The History of development of the Olympic Games
The Ancient Olympic Games …………………………………………….4-5
The Modern Olympic movement ………………………………………..5-6
Part 2. The contribution of the Russian sportsmen to the Olympic Games
2.1. Olympic champions of our region …………………………………………7-8
2.2. Future champion of our region…………………………………………….9-10
The world’s greatest international sports games are known as the Olympic Games. The Olympics have a very long history. The Olympic idea means friendship, fraternity and cooperation among the people of the world. The Olympic Movement proves that real peace can be achieved through sport.
The purposes of my project:
to study history of the beginning and development of the Olympic Games;
to learn more about the role and contribution of Russia and Russian sportsmen to the Olympic movement;
to learn more about the great sportsmen of our region;
to find out the future sportsmen among the pupils of our school and to obtain an interview.
Methods of research:
studying of scientific and reference literature;
— analysis, synthesis and generalization of received information;
inductive and deductive methods;
The original Olympic Games began in ancient Greece in 776 B.C. These games were part of a festival held every fourth year in honor of God Zeus at the place called Olympia. It was a great athletic festival, including competitions in wrestling, foot racing and chariot racing, rowing and others. The games were for men only. Greek women were forbidden not only to participate but also to watch the Olympics. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. Then they were resumed in London after the Second World War. Since then the Olympics are held every fourth year in different countries.
The history of development of the Olympic Games
1.1. The Ancient Olympic Games
The Olympics have a very long history. They began in 776 B. C. and took place every four years for nearly 1200 years in the Valley of Olympia, in Greece. The decree of that time was that there should be no wars during the Olympiad. At first the Olympics lasted only five days and the competition was only in running. The Olympic programme grew as the games developed and a lot of sports events were added: long-distance, racing, wrestling, the pentathlon, horse-back racing, etc. They were dedicated to the Olympian Gods.
By about 650 BC the Games were held over five days. Sportsmen came to the Valley of Olympia from every corner of the Greek world. Sportsmen competed in running, wrestling and pentathlon. This pentathlon, a five-event match consisted of running, wrestling, jumping, throwing the discus and throwing the javelin. In time boxing, a chariot race, and other events were included. Women were not allowed the Games.
All athletes took an oath that they had been preparing, well for the Games and promised to compete honestly and keep the rules of the sacred Olympics. The athletes took part in all kinds of competitions. Winners were called «olympionics».
The victors of these early Games were awarded with wreaths an olive tree that was planted by Hercules (Heracles), founded of the Games.
Under Roman rule the Olympic Games continued to be held, but relations between the Romans and the Greeks became so bad that Emperor Theodosius abolished the Olympic Games in AD 394.
The Modern Olympic Games
Thanks to Baron Pierre Coubertin the first Modern Olympic Games took place in Greece in 1896. Almost 300 athletes from 13 countries participated place in Greece in 1896. The largest delegation was from Greece. They won 10 gold medals and set Olympic record. At the Moscow 1980 Games more than 5000 athletes from 80 countries competed in 21 different sports. The latest XXVII Olympic Games also took place in Greece in 2004. Athletes from 202 countries competed in 28 different sports some of which, for example, the track events in athletics, are very old, while others have been added to the programme of the Games recently. For instance, taekwondo and triathlon were included into the programme of the Olympic Games 2000 in Sydney.
The motto of the Games is Citius, altius, fortius (faster, higher, and stronger in English) since 1908. Pierre de Coubertin got the idea for this phrase from a speech given by Bishop Ethelbert Talbot at a service for Olympic champions during the 1908 Olympic Games. In 1913 Baron de Coubertin designed The Olympic Flag, the symbol of the Games. It has five rings: blue, Amsterdam yellow, black, green and red. They represent the union of the five continents and the meeting of the athletes of the world at the Olympic Games. It has been used since the VII Olympiad in Antwerp, Belgium in 1920.
The Olympic Flame appeared at the first opening ceremony. It was lit during the ancient Olympic Games. It has been lit every Olympiad since the opening ceremony at Amsterdam, Netherland in 1928.
The parade has been organized since the IX Olympiad at Amsterdam in 1928. All delegations parade in alphabetical order. But Greece is the first and the last delegation is the host country.
The contribution of the Russian sportsmen to the Olympic Games
2.1. Olympic champions of our region
In my region there are Olympic Champions, too. Ukolov Dmitriy (October 23, 1929 – November 25, 1992) was born in the village of Anenki, Tula region. He was a Russian ice hockey player who played in the Soviet Hockey League. Ukolov was the winner of the Olympic Games in 1956.
Grishin Evgeniy (March 23, 1931 – July 9, 2005) was born in Tula. He was the deserved master of sport, skater and trainer. He was the winner of the Olympic Games in 1956, 1960 and 1964. Grishin was the most successful athlete at the 1960 Winter Olympics.
Aleksandr Uvarov (March 7, 1922 – December 24, 1994) was born in Tula. He was a Russian ice hockey player who played in the Soviet Hockey League. He played 1948-1960 for HC Dynamo Moscow and 1954-1957 for Soviet national team. He was Olympic champion in 1956, World champion in 1954, 1956.
Vyacheslav Vedenin (October 1, 1941) was born in the village of Sloboda, Tula region. He was a Soviet skier who competed in the late 1960s and early 1970s. He participated in four Olympic Games. Vedenin was awarded with Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1970) and with Order of Lenin (1972). Since 1989 a competition “Vedenin`s Ski Track” is held yearly in Dubna in his honor.
Future champion of our region
In my town there is a boy, Sergey Karandeev, he is very good at sport. He is 18 years old. He studies in the School of Olympic Reserve. I believe that he will be the future Olympic champion. I asked him some questions. Here is an interview with Sergey.
Hello, Sergey. I would like to ask you some questions. What kind of sport do you do?
I tried different sports at school and I found myself in track and field athletics. I’ve loved track and field athletics since I was 8 years old.
Does sport take a lot of time?
Sure. I spend two or three hours every day in the gym – the whole year round.
What is sport for you? How does it help you in everyday life?
Sport is my life. It is very important for me. I like taking part in different competitions. Sport teaches me to be confident and accurate. Besides, I became stronger, faster and more patient. My father says that sport makes men out of boys.
— Have you ever won a prize or medal there?
Yes, I have. I often win first places.
What advice can you give to young people?
Of course, a lot of teenagers are very busy; they have a lot of homework. They have no time to go to a sports club or a sports centre which isn’t quite near their homes. But they should do sports to keep fit and to improve their health. In the morning they can switch on the TV and follow fitness classes at home or go jogging in the park in the evening.
What do you think about the 2014 winter Olympic Games in Sochi? Do you want to take part in them?
Of course, I do. Olympic Games have become the most important sports event in the world. The greatest wish for me is to win a medal, or simply to take part in them.
Thank you for the information. I wish you to become a professional!
The Olympic Games are one of the most spectacular reminders of the debt we owe to the Greeks.
The Olympic idea means friendship, fraternity and cooperation among the people of the world. All wars and feuds were stopped by special heralds who rode in all directions of Greece. The Olympic Movement proves that real peace can be achieved through sport.
Thanks to Olympic Games, wars became much less, after all people could compete and resolve disputes in sports meets.
In modern times the Olympic movement has become an enormous and expensive organization, as well professional and competitive. Athletes train for years to take part in the Olympics and some countries spend much more than others on equipment and facilities. These games are controlled by the International Olympic Committee, which consists of members from all the participating countries.
In my project I have told about the outstanding sportsmen and Olympic champions of our region. I hope that more people of our region will do sports more often, take part in different competitions and win first places. Thanks to the Olympic Games ordinary people can get a chance to become heroes and professionals.
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