РК1 вар.1 основы теории изучаемого языка



Основы теории изучаемого языка

Западно-Казахстанский инженерно-гуманитарный университет

Западно-Казахстанский институт языков и менеджмента «Евразия»

УТВЕРЖДАЮ

Зав.кафедрой

«Иностранные языки и переводческое дело»

_________к.ф.н. Доукариева У.К

«_____» ____________20__г.

Тесты

Рубежного контроля № 1

Дисциплина: «Основы теории изучаемого языка»

Специальность: 5В020700 «Переводческое дело»

Кафедра «Иностранные языки и переводческое дело»



Уральск, 2014 г

Основы теории изучаемого языка

Дисциплина: «Основы теории изучаемого языка»

Рубежный контроль №1

Вариант №1

Стр 2 из 8

1. Give the definition of the grammatical meaning.

a) grammatical meaning is peculiar to grammatical classes or grammatical categories and is connected with the change of grammatical forms of one and the same word.

b) grammatical meaning is peculiar to phonetic structure of the word.

c) grammatical meaning is peculiar to morphological structure of the word.

d) grammatical meaning is peculiar to phraseological units.

2. Point out the words belonging to class I.

a) indivisible words allowing no segmentation at all.

b) segmental words allowing segmentation into morphemes.

c) non-segmental words, i-e those not allowing of such segmentation.

d) segmental words allowing segmentation into phonemes.

3. What is the basic unit of language?

a) the basic unit of the language is a morpheme

b) the basic unit of the language is a phoneme

c) the basic unit of the language is a phrase

d) the basic unit of the language is a word

4. What is the acoustic aspect of the word?

a) the acoustic aspect of the word serves to name objects of reality, not to reflect them.

b) the acoustic aspect of the word serves to name the properties of the word.

c) the acoustic aspect of the word serves to name the grammatical structures and forms.

d) the acoustic aspect of the word serves to name typological peculiarities of the language.

5. What does “the notion” render?

a) the notion reflects the objective reality.

b) the notion reflects the elements of definite language.

c) the notion renders the meaning of the word, which are generalized reflections of real objects and phenomena.

d) the notion renders social, mental and cultural development of the language community.

6. Point out the object of Lexicology.

a) it is the part of linguistics dealing with grammar of the language and grammatical forms.

b) it is the part of linguistics dealing with the vocabulary of the language and the properties of words as the main units of language.

c) it is the part of linguistics dealing with phonetics and phonetic rules.

d) it is the part of linguistics dealing with phraseology and phraseological units.

7. Point out an explanatory dictionary (unilingual, non-specialized) in the list below

a) Webster’s Dictionary of Synonyms

b) New English Dictionary

c) English-Russian Dictionary by I.R. Galperin

d) English-Russian Dictionary by Y. Apresyan

8. How many volumes does A. Shorter Oxford Dictionary consist of? (a shorter edition of the Oxford English Dictionary)

a) five volumes

b) four volumes

c) three volumes

d) two volumes

9. When did the first unilingual dictionary (explaining different words) appear?

a) in 1614

b) in 1624

c) in 1604

d) in 1634

Основы теории изучаемого языка

Дисциплина: «Основы теории изучаемого языка»

Рубежный контроль №1

Вариант №1

Стр 3 из 8

10. When did regular bilingual dictionaries begin to appear? (Anglo-Latin, Anglo-French).

a) in the 15th century

b) in the 13th century

c) in the 14th century

d) in the 16th century

11. Give the definition of “Lexicography”

a) the theory and practice of signs

b) the theory and practice of grammar

c) the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries

d) the theory and practice of syntax

12. Give the verb phraseologism from the following

a) to pick and choose

b) high tea

c) bullet train

d) redbrick university

13. Find out the phraseological repetition from the suggested below

a) to take a back seat

b) ups and downs

c) first night

d) to know the ropes

14. Point out the adverb phraseological unit

a) God bless me!

b) I am easy

c) to nose out

d) with a bump

15. Single out a proverb in the list below

a) Green Berets

b) where there is a will there is a way

c) too many cooks spoil the broth

d) lord and master

16. The following phraseological units are classified according to the part-of-speech meaning. Point out adjective phraseologisms denoting a quality

a) in the soup

b) like a dog with two tails

c) loose as a goose

d) well, I never!

17. Single out the phraseological collocation according to V.V. Vinogradov’s classification

a) take a liking

b) fat cat

c) vote with one’s feet

d) corridors of power

18. Single out the phraseological unity according to V.V. Vinogradov’s classification

a) cold surgery

b) to play the first fiddle

c) kiss of life

d) kiss of death

19. Point out the phraseological fusion according to academician V.V. Vinogradov’s classification

a) on Shank’s mare

Основы теории изучаемого языка

Дисциплина: «Основы теории изучаемого языка»

Рубежный контроль №1

Вариант №1

Стр 4 из 8

b) to take the bull by the horns

c) American dream

d) care killed the cat

20. Give the translation of the phraseological unit “launching pad” in its transferred meaning

a) пансионат для престарелых

b) компьютерная техника

c) счастливый случай

d) отправной пункт

21. How many ways does professor A.V. Koonin point out in his classification of phraseological units?

a) productive and non-productive ways of forming phraseological units

b) rhyming and non-rhyming ways of forming phraseological units

c) free and non-free ways of forming phraseological units

d) primary and secondary ways of forming phraseological units

22. What is a “phraseological unit”?

a) it is a motivated word-group that can be freely made up in speech but is not reproduced as a ready-made unit

b) it is a non-motivated word-group that can be freely made up in speech but is reproduced as a ready-made unit

c) it is a special word-group that can be freely used in speech but is not reproduced as a ready-made unit

d) it is a special term that can be freely made up in speech but is not reproduced as a ready-made expression

23. What is the subject-matter of Phraseology?

a) word-groups viewed as functionally and semantically inseparable units are traditionally regarded as the subject-matter of phraseology

b) word-groups viewed as non-structurally inseparable units are traditionally regarded as the subject-matter of phraseology

c) word-groups viewed as grammatically and syntactically inseparable units are traditionally regarded as the subject-matter of phraseology

d) word-groups viewed as morphemically and phonetically inseparable units are traditionally regarded as the subject-matter of phraseology

24. Single out the jargonism out of the suggested words

a) driller

b) swabber

c) geologist

d) one

25. Choose the definition of “professionalisms”

a) professionalisms are special words used in the literary layer of the English vocabulary

b) professionalisms are the words used in a definite trade, profession or calling by people connected by common interests both at work or at home

c) professionalisms are the words used in everybody speech by the common people

d) professionalisms are the words used in standard English

26. Give the explanation of the term within its proper sphere in one word or a phrase

a) no emotional colouring

b) denotational meaning

c) peculiar type of word

d) monosemantic

Основы теории изучаемого языка

Дисциплина: «Основы теории изучаемого языка»

Рубежный контроль №1

Вариант №1

Стр 5 из 8

27. Choose the correct explanation of the “term”

a) terms are used in various fields of dialects

b) terms are used in various fields of illiterate speech

c) terms are used in various fields of cultivated speech

d) terms are used in various fields of science and technique

28. Choose the sphere of application of “informal vocabulary”

a) it is used in a lecture on TV and radio

b) it is used in books and magazines, official talk

c) it is used in personal two-way everyday communication

d) it is used in monological speech

29. Name the secondary ways of word-building

a) neologisms, historisms, transnomination, social stratification

b) sound interchanges, stress interchange, sound imitation, blends, back formation

c) antonyms, synonyms, homonyms, acronyms, polysemy

d) phraseological repetitions, archaisms, proverbs, sayings, transference of meaning

30. Point out lexical initial abbreviations

a) a.m.-p.m. b) Mon-Tue c) Apr-Sep d) Ala-Calif

31. Single out the primary word, where the lexical meaning of the root-morpheme and the lexico-grammatical meaning of the stem coincide

a) pen b) to pen c) top d) government

32. Give the definition of “composition”

a) composition is the way of word-building when a word is formed by means of affixation to form a new word

b) composition is the way of word-building when a word is formed by joining suffixation and prefixation to form a new word

c) composition is the way of word-building when a word is formed by joining two or more stems to form a new word

d) composition is the way of word-building when a word is formed by joining morphemes to form a new word

33. Explain the main function of prefixes in English

a) the main function of prefixes in English is to change the structural pattern of the word

b) the main function of prefixes in English is to change the lexical meaning of the same part of speech

c) the main function of prefixes in English is to change the lexical meaning of semantic classification

d) the main function of prefixes in English is to change the lexical meaning of psedo-morphemes.

34. Single out suffixes added to verbal stems.

a) er, ing, able, ment, ation

b) less, ful, ism, ist, nik

c) en, ly, ist, ness

d) ess, etty, dom, ward, ous



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