Слайд 1: Автор: Мирдиянов Артур — Республика Татарстан, Альметьевский район, Муниципальная бюджетная образовательная организация «Средняя общеобразовательная школа № 18», 10а класс
Наствник: Алямова Эльвира Талгатовна — учитель английского языка
Название работы: Night of a fire
Название конкурса: Детский международный конкурс презентаций “ Holiday Parade. Парад праздников”
Вектор-успеха.рф – портал для детей и подростков
Слайд 2: I am going to tell to you about a holiday which Night of the Fire or day of Guy Fox refers to.
All has begun, when queen Elizabeth 1 has ascended to a throne of England, it has passed some laws against the Roman Catholics. Guy Fox was one of members of small group of Catholics which considered, that the government addressed with the Roman Catholics dishonestly. They hoped, that following king, James 1, will change laws, but it has not made it. The group of men under direction of Robert Gejtsbi, prepared for murder of king James. Guy Fox was one of this group. They have prepared secret plot and 5ноября 1605 wished to blow up English parliament and king. It was day when king opened session of parliament.
Before it one man has bought the house in the neighbourhood with a building of parliament. In the house there was a cellar which passed under a building of parliament. They planned to place gunpowder under the house and to blow up parliament and king.
To Guy Fox have entrusted closely to observe of flanks with gunpowder and fire a match.
3 слайд: History
In 1605 a certain Guy Fox (Guy Fawkes) was full of determination to blow up with use of barrels with gunpowder the Parliament building, and at the same time with it and king Jacob I who had to say at this time there speech. It was entrusted to Guy Fox to set fire to a match group of conspirators though it and wasn’t head of plot.
Every year on November, 5th in the Great Britain mark Night Guy Fox (in English – Guy Fawkes Night or Bonfire Night). The sky of London and other large cities is shined with fireworks, everywhere blow up petards. The main tradition – ignition on a fire of a scarecrow of Guy Fox, the man of the hour. That Guy Fox, rhymes about which acts are known by any English student. That Guy Fox, whose the person is familiar, probably, almost to everyone – owing to a horrible mask from cult film « V Vendetta » … So means why this person became a symbol of all rebels and not consent, and the tradition of fireworks and fires whence has undertaken?
4 слайд: Powder plot
For the beginning let’s be transferred to London the beginnings of XVII century. In 1603 queen Elizabeth I has died corrected England within 45 years. It was ярой протестанткой, and Catholics in those days were exposed to cruel persecutions. After death of queen, the throne was borrowed with the Scottish king Jacob I (son Maria Stjuart, казнённой with 15 years earlier under Elizabeth’s order). English Catholics hoped, that Jacob it will have a kind feeling, however it did not hasten to change the orders got by Elizabeth. And then there was an idea to get rid of the objectionable monarch. In 1605 group of adherents among which there was an aristocrat and the Catholic the native of York Guy (Guido) Fox, has thought up the dramatic plan which subsequently will become history as ‘ Powder plot ‘ (Gunpowder Plot).
Conspirators have decided to kill not simply king — they have conceived to blow up a building of English parliament together with deputies of both chambers! On November, 5th, 1605 Jacob I should be present at opening of parliamentary session together with queen Anna and the senior son prince
5 слайд: Remember, remember, the 5th of November!
However artful plans could not be carried out. Before explosion one of participants has sent the friend to the Catholic to lord Montiglu the letter in which it asked it to not visit Parliament on November, 5th. Several hours later the letter has appeared in hands of the king. Jacob I has ordered to search cellars of Parliament where have been detected 36 flanks with gunpowder and Guy Fox intended any minute to burn a match.
Gunpowder has been neutralized, and residents of the streets adjoining Westminster, having learned, what danger threatened their houses, have started to celebrate the rescue already in night of disclosing of plot. They kindled fires in streets. In due course this tradition growth in more dramatic event, and on fires began to burn Guy Fox’s scarecrows, a symbol of » Powder Plot ». With ‘ Powder plot ‘ one more tradition which comply is connected and to this day is a ceremonial survey of all basements of the building, arranged before opening of each session of parliament.
But let’s return to Guy Fox.
6 слайд: Night of Guy Fox in London (on November 5) – the most noisy holiday.
At this strange, but a holiday fully reflecting English traditions, a set of names – Night of Guy Fox in London (to be exact – day, Guy Fawkes’ day), it – Bonfire Night (Bonfayr Knight is said). Official date of carrying out night of Guy Fox – on November 5.