William Shakespeare is the greatest of all playwrights and poets of all times. The name of William Shakespeare is known all over the world. The last half of the 16-th and the beginning of the 17-th centuries are known as the Golden Age of English Renaissance and, sometimes are called ‘The Age of Shakespeare. ’People often call Shakespeare ‘Our National Bard ,’ ‘The Immortal Poet of Nature. ’We really know few facts of his life and many of them are doubtful. But some facts are known to us and are proved by documents.
The first facts of Shakespeare’s biography are that he was born on April 23,1564 in Stratford-on-Avon. His father was a dealer in corn, meat, wool. William’s mother was a daughter of rich farmer in the village of Wilmcote. He probably attended the local grammar school and got a classical education.
We also know, that being 18 years old, he married Anne Hathaway, who was 9 years older that himself. They had a daughter Susanna and twins-son Hamnet and daughter Judith.
The major masterpieces
In London Shakespeare became an actor of the Globe Theatre and began to write plays for it. He wrote tragedies, comedies and historical plays. The major masterpieces are: ”Henry VI”, ”Twelfth Night”, ”Othello”, ”King Lear”, ”Romeo and Juliet”, ”Macbeth” and many others.
Listen to this extract from one of Shakespeare’s plays and tell play us what it is from
To be, or not to be, that is the question:
Whether’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune:
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles
And by opposing, end them?
This extract from “Hamlet, Prince of Denmark”
“To be or not to be, that is the question”
Это высказывание знакомо всем, но не все знают о существовании других высказываний Шекспира.
Try to translate some of them:
1.The beginning at the end.- Начало конца.
2.The whirling of time.- Превратности судьбы.
3.There’s the rub.- Вот в чём загвоздка.
4.All is well that ends well- Всё хорошо, что хорошо кончается.
5.To win golden opinions- Заслужить благоприятное мнение.
Shakespeare was a great poet and would be well known for his poetry alone. His major achievement as a poet is sonnets. A sonnet is a poem consisting of 14 lines, with a moral at the end. He wrote 154 sonnets. They are very popular and loved by our people. They are full of harmony and music, they praise love, friendship and beauty, thouth there is no sentimentality in them.
That time of year thou mayst in me behold
When yellow leaves, or none, or few, do hang
Upon those boughs which shake against the cold,
Bare ruin’ d choirs where late the sweet birds sang.
‘Goodbye love’. Sonnet LXXIII.
Shakespeare’s poetry is at the summit of human achievement
It’s known that only in 1616 at the height of his fame, Shakespeare returned to Stratford, where in April,23,1616 he died. He was buried in a fine old church in Stratford.
There are many monuments to Shakespeare in Stratford. Many centuries have passed since his death, but Shakespeare is still considered to be the greatest of all playwrights and poets.
Газета (English № 16,1997) «Did he ever exist?»
Пьесы В.Шекспира на английском языке.
Бубновская Т . А. Вечер, посвящённый В.Шекспиру. ИЯШ № 2(1999 с. 73-76)
Англ. яз: предметные недели в школе\ сост. О.Н.Подгорская; Е. К. Черничкина (2007 с.74)
Е. Л. Занина «95 устных тем по англ. яз. (1998 с.154)
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