Sources of Law Текст 1

Sources of Law

Exercise 1

Pronunciation practice

Practise saying the words.

European, treaty, reason, appeal, tribunal, trial, private, binding, source, force, court, law, fraud

Exercise 3

The following table lists differences of stress and pronunciation when the same word is used as a noun and a verb, fill in the missing transcription.



delegate [ˊdelɪgeɪt]

delegate [’delɪ‚geɪt]

present [’prezənt]

present [’prezənt]











Exercise 4

Give for each phonetic description the correct word.

Phonetic description

English word










T e x t 1

The Sources Of British Law

Pre-reading task: Skim the text and divide it into the logical parts. Entitle them.

In Britain one generally speaks of three sources of law — Common Law, Equity Law and Statute Law.

Statute Law (also Statutory Law) includes both laws passed in Parliament and acts of delegated legislation, i.e. legislation made by executive organs. Up to the end of the 19th century the scope of Parliamentary legislation was relatively small. Today, however, there is hardly any aspect of everyday life that is not regulated by statute law.

Common Law consists of a system of recorded cases, precedents, valid for subsequent similar cases. It is case law, or more exactly, judge-made law, based on past decisions of judges in accordance with custom and reason and having the character of a general legal principle.

Equity Law is a system of law originated in the English Chancery. Practically speaking, it is a system of case law governed by the binding force of precedent (as Common Law) but exercised by Lord Chancellor and his staff

Since Britain’s accession to the European Union (the European Community till 1993), European Law has also become a source of the law in the United Kingdom. European Law is to be found in the Union’s treaties and decisions of the Union’s institutions. It operates as a separate system side by side with domestic law. Where European Law is in conflict with domestic law, European Law prevails.

Exercise 5

Match each word or phrase on the left to the Russian equivalents on the right.

source of law

прецедентное право

binding force

статутное право

statute law

внутригосударственное право

judge-made law

органы исполнительной власти

domestic law

делегированное законодательство

executive organs

источник права

delegated legislation

обязательная сила

Common Law

право справедливости


межгосударственный договор



Equity Law

общее право

Exercise 6

Match each word or phrase on the left to the correct definition on the right:

case law

formal agreements between different countries


a judicial decision that serves as an authority for deciding a later case

delegated legislation

a system of jurisprudence founded on principles of natural justice and fair conduct


the long-established habit or tradition


the act or process of making laws


legislation made by executive organs


law based on judicial precedent

Exercise 7

Complete the sentences.

There are……sources of law in Great Britain.

Statute law includes … .

Common law consists of … .

Case law or judge-made law … .

Equity law is … .

European law is … .

Exercise 8

Answer the following questions to Text 1:

How many sources of law have been enumerated in the text?

What are they?

What is the main category of Statute Law?

What is the basis of Common Law?

What is the difference between Common Law and Equity Law?

What is the basis of European Law?