Усть-Илимск история

Ust-Ilimsk, history


Ф.И.О. участника

Соболь Богдан, ученик 6 А класса


Образовательное учреждение

МБОУ «СОШ № 15», г. Усть-Илимск, Иркутская область



Лобанова Елена Александровна, учитель английского языка

Ust-Ilimsk is my hometown. It is quite young and modern. But I was interested in its history. I found out that there was the town Ilimsk. It was situated on the river Ilim, a tributary of the Angara River. Many years ago, Ilimsk was a fort and had a great history. The Cossack troops came to the river Ilim and formed the first Russian settlement in 1631. They cut down the century-old larch-trees, built the houses, and took their wives the most beautiful Tunguska women. They began farming, fishing and hunting. The road to the Lena River started from Ilimsk. It was a base for expedition outfit of Siberian explorations. There were many shopping arcades, storehouses for food and gunpowder, inns, a custom house, and three churches. Some famous people were in Ilimsk. Erofei Khabarov lived here for many years and he started here his expedition to Far East. Alexander Radishchev was in the exile for his freedom ideas written in his book “Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow, and he spent here six years from 1791 to 1797. There is a Radishchev memorial in Ust-Ilimsk.

Nowadays, Ilimsk is on the bottom of the Angara reservoir after the building of the hydro- electric power station in 1974. But you can see some old peasant houses, the Kazan church and the Spassky tower of the Ilimsk Fortress in the architectural and ethnographical museum Taltsy near Irkutsk. They were saved from sinking and were moved away to make the exhibition of Russian wooden architecture. They are more than 350 years old and made without any nails. We live now in a new town called Ust-Ilimsk, but we remember the history of the pioneers of Siberia and Ilimsk.